Who has written the famous book “Modernisation of Indian Tradition”? | Sociology for CUET by Vikash Ranjan | Sociology Guru

Indian Tradition

Question: Who has written the famous book “Modernisation of Indian Tradition”?

  1. M.N. Srinivas
  2.  Yogendra Singh
  3. KL. Sharma
  4. Rudolph and Rudolph

Answer: (2)

The book “Modernization of Indian Tradition” is a seminal work written by the sociologist Yogendra Singh. This book, a significant contribution to the field of sociology, explores the impact of modernization on Indian society and tradition. The options provided in the MA CUET exam question were (a) M.N. Srinivas, (b) Yogendra Singh, (c) K.L. Sharma, and (d) Rudolph and Rudolph, and the correct answer is (b) Yogendra Singh.

Overview of “Modernization of Indian Tradition”:

  1. Identification of Major Streams of Traditions:

In his book, Yogendra Singh categorizes the diverse and rich traditions in Indian society into three major streams: Hindu, Muslim, and tribal. While acknowledging the presence of numerous ethnic communities in India, Singh emphasizes these three groups as the primary and major traditions shaping the fabric of Indian society.

  1. Manifestations of Social Phenomena:

Singh argues that all Indian social phenomena and realities find their manifestations within these three streams of traditions. By focusing on these major traditions, the author provides a framework for understanding and analyzing the various aspects of Indian society, from cultural practices to social structures.

  1. Key Forces of Modernization:

One of the central themes of the book is the identification and examination of the key forces of modernization. Yogendra Singh delves into the factors that are driving the process of modernization in India. Modernization, in this context, refers to the profound social, economic, and cultural changes that accompany the transition from traditional to modern societies.

  1. Analysis of Impact on Indian Society and Tradition:

Singh meticulously analyzes the impact of modernization on Indian society and tradition. He explores how these key forces of modernization influence and shape the existing social structures, norms, and cultural practices. The book provides insights into the transformations that occur as a consequence of the complex interplay between tradition and modernity.

  1. Changes Resulting from Modernization:

A significant aspect of Singh’s work is the exploration of the changes brought about by modernization. He highlights shifts in various spheres, including social relationships, economic systems, and cultural expressions. The book aims to capture the evolving nature of Indian society as it grapples with the challenges and opportunities presented by the modernization process.

  1. Contextualization of Modernization in India:

“Modernization of Indian Tradition” offers a nuanced understanding of modernization within the specific context of India. Singh acknowledges the diversity and complexity of Indian society, taking into account the coexistence of multiple traditions. This contextual approach adds depth to the analysis, recognizing that the impact of modernization may vary across different cultural and social contexts.

  1. Contribution to Sociological Discourse:

Yogendra Singh’s book has made a significant contribution to sociological discourse, particularly in the context of understanding societal change in India. The work provides a comprehensive framework for scholars and researchers to examine the dynamics of tradition and modernization, offering a theoretical foundation for further exploration in the field of sociology.

Critical Analysis and Contemporary Relevance:

  1. Relevance in Contemporary India:

Even though the book was written at a specific point in time, its relevance persists in contemporary India. The ongoing process of modernization continues to shape the social, economic, and cultural landscape of the country. Scholars and policymakers often refer to Singh’s work to gain insights into the complexities of this transformative process.

  1. Complex Interplay of Tradition and Modernity:

Singh’s emphasis on the complex interplay between tradition and modernity remains a pertinent aspect of sociological discussions. The challenges posed by the simultaneous existence of traditional values and modern aspirations are central to understanding the dynamics of Indian society.

  1. Applicability to Diverse Contexts:

The book’s applicability extends beyond academia to various fields, including anthropology, cultural studies, and development studies. Its insights into the coexistence of diverse traditions make it valuable for professionals and policymakers seeking a nuanced understanding of Indian society.

  1. Challenges and Opportunities:

The examination of changes resulting from modernization also sheds light on the challenges and opportunities faced by different sections of society. This analysis remains relevant for policymakers working on issues related to social development, cultural preservation, and inclusive growth.

  1. Criticisms and Debates:

Like any influential work, “Modernization of Indian Tradition” has faced its share of criticisms and debates. Scholars have engaged in discussions regarding the generalizability of Singh’s framework and the extent to which it captures the diverse experiences within India. These debates contribute to the ongoing evolution of sociological theories.


In conclusion, Yogendra Singh’s “Modernization of Indian Tradition” stands as a significant work in the realm of sociology, providing a comprehensive exploration of the impact of modernization on Indian society and tradition. The book’s enduring relevance, insightful analysis, and contribution to sociological discourse make it a crucial reference for anyone interested in understanding the dynamic interplay between tradition and modernity in the Indian context. As India continues on its trajectory of social transformation, Singh’s work remains a valuable resource for scholars, policymakers, and individuals seeking to comprehend the intricate tapestry of Indian society.

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Frequently Asked Questions:

1. Question: Define the term “ethnic movement” and provide an example from India.

Answer: An ethnic movement refers to a collective effort by a group sharing common cultural, linguistic, or religious traits, seeking to assert their identity and rights; an example from India is the Khalistan Movement in Punjab.

2. Question: Identify the main objectives behind the Gorkhaland ethnic movement.

Answer: The Gorkhaland ethnic movement primarily seeks to establish a separate state for India’s Nepali-speaking population in the Darjeeling region, advocating for linguistic and cultural recognition and political autonomy.

3. Question: What was the Operation Blue Star, and which ethnic movement was it related to?
Answer: Operation Blue Star was a military action in 1984, aiming to remove Sikh militants hiding in the Golden Temple in Amritsar; it is related to the Khalistan movement, which sought a separate Sikh country.

4. Question: Mention a critical factor that triggered the emergence of ethnic movements in India, as discussed by Dipankar Gupta.
Answer: Dipankar Gupta emphasized that ethnicity is fundamentally a political process, wherein caste and religion, the key components of identity formation, are politicized by leaders for vested interests.

5. Question: What were the primary reasons for the Assam Ethnicity conflicts involving Bodo tribals and Bengali Muslim settlers?
Answer: The Assam Ethnicity conflicts primarily stemmed from issues related to immigration, land rights, and resource allocation, leading to clashes, riots, and evolving relationships among indigenous communities to address challenges.

6. Question: Briefly describe the role of the Dravidian Movement in terms of caste and societal structure.
Answer: The Dravidian Movement, led notably by E.V. Ramasamy, aimed to establish an egalitarian society, focusing on anti-Brahmanism and advocating for equal rights for backward castes, while also introducing reforms like self-respect marriages.

7. Question: Name the prominent ethnic movements in North-East India and specify one common objective.
Answer: Prominent ethnic movements in North-East India include the Nagas’ and Mizos’ struggles; a common objective was to gain autonomy and recognition for their distinct tribal identities and cultural uniqueness.

8. Question: What is the key argument of Gail Omveldt regarding traditional Indian society and multiculturalism?
Answer: Gail Omveldt opposed romanticizing traditional Indian society, arguing that hierarchy has always dominated it and dismissing the notion that multiculturalism is an intrinsic feature of Indian society as a myth.

9. Question: Briefly explain the social hierarchy factor as a contributing element to ethnic movements as suggested by Olzak.
Answer: Olzak suggests that the construction of hierarchies among ethnic communities, which often leads to the suppression of one group by another, is a key factor that can instigate social and ethnic movements.

10. Question: Identify one consequence of the unequal economic development factor within the context of ethnic movements in India.
Answer: One consequence of unequal economic development is the marginalization and underdevelopment of certain groups, leading to feelings of alienation and sometimes initiating ethnic movements as these groups strive for equality and recognition.

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