‘The scientific study of human populations, primarily with respect to their size, their structure and their development’ is? | Sociology for CUET by Vikash Ranjan | Sociology Guru

Human Populations

Question: ‘The scientific study of human populations, primarily with respect to their size, their structure and their development’ is?

  1. Sociography
  2. Demography
  3. Geography
  4. None

Answer: (2)

The question at hand pertains to the definition of the term “demography.” The provided options are (a) Sociography, (b) Demography, (c) Geography, and (d) None. The correct answer, as stated, is (b) Demography. This response aims to elucidate the concept of demography, its scope, methodologies, and significance in understanding human populations. Additionally, it will explore the utilization of demography in shaping public policies and contributing to scholarly research.

Understanding Demography:

  1. Definition:

The International Union for the Scientific Study of Population (IUSSP) provides a concise and comprehensive definition of demography. According to the IUSSP, demography is the scientific study of human populations, primarily focusing on the quantitative aspects of their size, structure, and development.

  1. Scope of Demography:

Demography delves into various dimensions of human populations, including but not limited to:

  • Population Size: Examining the total number of individuals in a given area.
  • Population Structure: Analyzing the composition of the population in terms of age, sex, ethnicity, and other relevant factors.
  • Population Development: Investigating changes in population over time, including factors such as birth rates, death rates, migration, and fertility.
  1. Methodologies in Demography:

Demographers employ a range of methods to gather and analyze data related to human populations. These methods include:

  • Population Censuses: Periodic surveys conducted to collect demographic information about a population.
  • Vital Statistics: Records of births, deaths, marriages, and divorces, which provide crucial insights into demographic trends.
  • Administrative Records: Utilizing data from governmental and organizational records.
  • Surveys: Conducting specialized surveys to gather specific demographic information.
  1. Role of Demography in Migration Studies:

Demography plays a vital role in studying migration, both internal and international. By analyzing migration patterns, demographers can understand the movement of individuals and populations, contributing to a comprehensive understanding of population dynamics.

  1. Fertility and Mortality:

Demography is instrumental in examining fertility (birth rates) and mortality (death rates). These components are essential for assessing population growth, determining life expectancy, and identifying factors influencing population structure.

Utilization of Demography:

  1. Policy Formulation:

Demographic data serves as a foundation for the formulation of public policies. Governments and policymakers rely on demographic insights to develop strategies related to healthcare, education, housing, and social welfare.

  1. Urban Planning:

In the context of urban planning, demography aids in understanding population distribution, density, and migration patterns. This information is crucial for designing infrastructure, allocating resources, and creating sustainable urban environments.

  1. Healthcare Planning:

Demography contributes to healthcare planning by providing insights into the demographic profile of populations. This includes considerations such as age distribution, prevalent health conditions, and healthcare utilization patterns.

  1. Education Planning:

Educational institutions and policymakers use demographic data to plan for the number of schools, colleges, and universities needed to accommodate different age groups within the population.

  1. Economic Development:

Understanding demographic trends is essential for economic planning. Demographic data influences labor force projections, workforce composition, and consumption patterns, which, in turn, impact economic development strategies.

  1. Social Welfare Programs:

Demography informs the design and implementation of social welfare programs. Knowledge of population demographics helps identify vulnerable groups and tailor social interventions to address specific needs.

  1. Research and Academic Studies:

Demography is a crucial field of study within the academic realm. Scholars and researchers utilize demographic data to explore trends, patterns, and factors influencing human populations. This research contributes to a broader understanding of societal changes.

Significance of Demography in Public Policies:

  1. Evidence-Based Decision-Making:

Public policies formulated based on demographic evidence are more likely to be effective and aligned with the needs of the population. Demographic insights provide a factual foundation for decision-making.

  1. Resource Allocation:

Demography informs the allocation of resources. Governments allocate resources based on demographic considerations to ensure that services and infrastructure meet the needs of different segments of the population.

  1. Preventive Healthcare Strategies:

In the healthcare sector, demography guides the development of preventive strategies. Understanding the age distribution and prevalent health conditions helps shape public health initiatives.

  1. Education Planning and Access:

Demographic data is instrumental in planning educational resources and ensuring access to education for different age groups. It aids in forecasting the demand for educational institutions and tailoring educational programs to demographic trends.

  1. Social Inclusion and Equity:

Demography plays a role in identifying disparities within the population. Policymakers use demographic data to develop strategies that promote social inclusion and address inequalities based on factors such as age, gender, and ethnicity.

In summary, demography serves as a foundational discipline for understanding human populations, and its scientific study is crucial for informing public policies, guiding resource allocation, and contributing to broader societal development. For candidates appearing in the MA CUET exam, a comprehensive grasp of the principles, methodologies, and applications of demography will be instrumental in addressing questions related to social science research, policy analysis, and sociological perspectives on population dynamics.


Take a Quick Sociology Quiz to measure your Performance


Frequently Asked Questions:

1. Question: Define the term “ethnic movement” and provide an example from India.

Answer: An ethnic movement refers to a collective effort by a group sharing common cultural, linguistic, or religious traits, seeking to assert their identity and rights; an example from India is the Khalistan Movement in Punjab.

2. Question: Identify the main objectives behind the Gorkhaland ethnic movement.

Answer: The Gorkhaland ethnic movement primarily seeks to establish a separate state for India’s Nepali-speaking population in the Darjeeling region, advocating for linguistic and cultural recognition and political autonomy.

3. Question: What was the Operation Blue Star, and which ethnic movement was it related to?
Answer: Operation Blue Star was a military action in 1984, aiming to remove Sikh militants hiding in the Golden Temple in Amritsar; it is related to the Khalistan movement, which sought a separate Sikh country.

4. Question: Mention a critical factor that triggered the emergence of ethnic movements in India, as discussed by Dipankar Gupta.
Answer: Dipankar Gupta emphasized that ethnicity is fundamentally a political process, wherein caste and religion, the key components of identity formation, are politicized by leaders for vested interests.

5. Question: What were the primary reasons for the Assam Ethnicity conflicts involving Bodo tribals and Bengali Muslim settlers?
Answer: The Assam Ethnicity conflicts primarily stemmed from issues related to immigration, land rights, and resource allocation, leading to clashes, riots, and evolving relationships among indigenous communities to address challenges.

6. Question: Briefly describe the role of the Dravidian Movement in terms of caste and societal structure.
Answer: The Dravidian Movement, led notably by E.V. Ramasamy, aimed to establish an egalitarian society, focusing on anti-Brahmanism and advocating for equal rights for backward castes, while also introducing reforms like self-respect marriages.

7. Question: Name the prominent ethnic movements in North-East India and specify one common objective.
Answer: Prominent ethnic movements in North-East India include the Nagas’ and Mizos’ struggles; a common objective was to gain autonomy and recognition for their distinct tribal identities and cultural uniqueness.

8. Question: What is the key argument of Gail Omveldt regarding traditional Indian society and multiculturalism?
Answer: Gail Omveldt opposed romanticizing traditional Indian society, arguing that hierarchy has always dominated it and dismissing the notion that multiculturalism is an intrinsic feature of Indian society as a myth.

9. Question: Briefly explain the social hierarchy factor as a contributing element to ethnic movements as suggested by Olzak.
Answer: Olzak suggests that the construction of hierarchies among ethnic communities, which often leads to the suppression of one group by another, is a key factor that can instigate social and ethnic movements.

10. Question: Identify one consequence of the unequal economic development factor within the context of ethnic movements in India.
Answer: One consequence of unequal economic development is the marginalization and underdevelopment of certain groups, leading to feelings of alienation and sometimes initiating ethnic movements as these groups strive for equality and recognition.

To master these intricacies and fare well in the Sociology Syllabus, aspiring sociologists might benefit from guidance by the Best Sociology Teacher and participation in the Best Sociology Coaching. These avenues provide comprehensive assistance, ensuring a solid understanding of sociology’s diverse methodologies and techniques.


Why Vikash Ranjan’s Classes for Sociology?


Proper guidance and assistance are required to learn the skill of interlinking current happenings with the conventional topics. VIKASH RANJAN SIR at SOCIOLOGY GURU guides students according to the Recent Trends, making him the Best Sociology Teacher for Sociology.

At Sociology Guru, the Best Sociology Coaching platform, we not only provide the best study material and applied classes for Sociology but also conduct regular assignments and class tests to assess candidates’ writing skills and understanding of the subject.

Choose The Best Sociology Teacher for your Preparation?


To master these intricacies and fare well in the Sociology Syllabus, aspiring sociologists might benefit from guidance by the Best Sociology Teacher and participation in the Best Sociology Coaching. These avenues provide comprehensive assistance, ensuring a solid understanding of sociology’s diverse methodologies and techniques. Sociology, Social theory, Best Sociology Teacher, Best Sociology Coaching, Sociology Syllabus.

Best Sociology Teacher, Sociology Syllabus, Sociology, Sociology Coaching, Best Sociology Coaching, Best Sociology Teacher, Sociology Course, Sociology Teacher, Sociology Foundation, Sociology Foundation Course, Sociology CUET, Sociology for IAS, Sociology for UPSC, Sociology for BPSC, Sociology for UGC NET, Sociology for JPSC,

Follow us :




KEYWORD: -Human Populations, Human Populations, Human Populations, Human Populations, Human Populations, Human Populations, Human Populations, MA CUET SOCIOLOGY


Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top