Incompatible expectations lead to? | Sociology for CUET by Vikash Ranjan | Sociology Guru

Incompatible Expectations


Question: Incompatible expectations lead to?

  1. Role squeeze
  2. Double role
  3. Role conflict  
  4. Role mix

Answer: (3)

Role conflict is a fundamental concept in sociology and psychology that describes a situation in which an individual experiences tension, stress, or a sense of being pulled in different directions due to the incompatible expectations associated with the various roles they occupy in society. Roles are the positions individuals hold in their interactions with others, and each role comes with a set of expectations and responsibilities. Role conflict occurs when the expectations associated with two or more roles clash, making it challenging for the individual to fulfill all of them simultaneously.

Let’s explore the concept of role conflict in more detail:

Examples of Role Conflict:

To better understand role conflict, it’s helpful to consider some real-life examples:

Work/Family Conflict: This is one of the most common examples of role conflict. Individuals who are juggling the responsibilities of both their professional life and their family life often find themselves in a state of role conflict. For instance, a working mother who has to balance her job with her responsibilities at home may feel torn between her duties as a parent and her obligations at work.

Personality Role Conflict: This type of role conflict occurs when an individual’s personality traits or values associated with different roles are at odds. For instance, a person who values their identity as a parent and as a professional may experience internal conflict when these aspects of their identity clash.

Interpersonal Relations Causing Role Conflict: Role conflict can also arise due to expectations from others. For example, a school superintendent who is also a father may experience role conflict when his family expects him to spend time with them in the evenings, while the school board and parents’ groups expect him to engage in educational and civic activities after office hours.

Causes of Role Conflict:

Role conflict can result from various factors, including:

Incompatible Expectations: The primary cause of role conflict is the presence of incompatible expectations associated with different roles. These expectations can be set by society, organizations, or individuals themselves.

Time and Resource Constraints: Limited time and resources can make it challenging for individuals to fulfill the expectations of all their roles. For instance, if a person is expected to excel in their career and be actively involved in community service, time constraints may lead to role conflict.

Cultural and Societal Norms: Cultural and societal norms often dictate certain roles and expectations, which can lead to role conflict when individuals do not conform to these norms.

Personal Values and Beliefs: Conflicting personal values and beliefs can also contribute to role conflict. For instance, if an individual values both their career and their role as a caregiver, they may experience conflict when these values clash.

Consequences of Role Conflict:

Role conflict can have significant consequences on an individual’s well-being and mental health. Some of the potential consequences include:

Stress and Anxiety: Role conflict can lead to increased stress and anxiety as individuals struggle to meet incompatible expectations.

Decreased Job Satisfaction: In a work-related context, role conflict can lead to reduced job satisfaction and overall job performance.

Strained Relationships: Role conflict can strain interpersonal relationships, both within the family and at work. It can lead to conflicts with family members, colleagues, or supervisors.

Burnout: Prolonged exposure to role conflict can contribute to burnout, which is characterized by emotional exhaustion and reduced motivation.

Relevance to Sociology and Psychology:

Role conflict is a central concept in both sociology and psychology because it provides insights into how individuals navigate their social roles and the impact of societal expectations on their well-being. It is relevant in various sociological and psychological studies, particularly those that examine the dynamics of modern life, work-life balance, and the effects of societal norms on individuals.


In conclusion, role conflict is a crucial concept in sociology and psychology that describes the tension and challenges individuals face when trying to meet the incompatible expectations associated with the various roles they occupy. It is relevant in understanding the complexities of modern life and the impact of societal expectations on individuals’ well-being. Role conflict can have significant consequences, including stress, decreased job satisfaction, strained relationships, and burnout. Recognizing and addressing role conflict is essential for promoting individuals’ mental health and overall quality of life.

Take a Quick Sociology Quiz to measure your Performance


Frequently Asked Questions:

1. Question: Define the term “ethnic movement” and provide an example from India.

Answer: An ethnic movement refers to a collective effort by a group sharing common cultural, linguistic, or religious traits, seeking to assert their identity and rights; an example from India is the Khalistan Movement in Punjab.

2. Question: Identify the main objectives behind the Gorkhaland ethnic movement.

Answer: The Gorkhaland ethnic movement primarily seeks to establish a separate state for India’s Nepali-speaking population in the Darjeeling region, advocating for linguistic and cultural recognition and political autonomy.

3. Question: What was the Operation Blue Star, and which ethnic movement was it related to?
Answer: Operation Blue Star was a military action in 1984, aiming to remove Sikh militants hiding in the Golden Temple in Amritsar; it is related to the Khalistan movement, which sought a separate Sikh country.

4. Question: Mention a critical factor that triggered the emergence of ethnic movements in India, as discussed by Dipankar Gupta.
Answer: Dipankar Gupta emphasized that ethnicity is fundamentally a political process, wherein caste and religion, the key components of identity formation, are politicized by leaders for vested interests.

5. Question: What were the primary reasons for the Assam Ethnicity conflicts involving Bodo tribals and Bengali Muslim settlers?
Answer: The Assam Ethnicity conflicts primarily stemmed from issues related to immigration, land rights, and resource allocation, leading to clashes, riots, and evolving relationships among indigenous communities to address challenges.

6. Question: Briefly describe the role of the Dravidian Movement in terms of caste and societal structure.
Answer: The Dravidian Movement, led notably by E.V. Ramasamy, aimed to establish an egalitarian society, focusing on anti-Brahmanism and advocating for equal rights for backward castes, while also introducing reforms like self-respect marriages.

7. Question: Name the prominent ethnic movements in North-East India and specify one common objective.
Answer: Prominent ethnic movements in North-East India include the Nagas’ and Mizos’ struggles; a common objective was to gain autonomy and recognition for their distinct tribal identities and cultural uniqueness.

8. Question: What is the key argument of Gail Omveldt regarding traditional Indian society and multiculturalism?
Answer: Gail Omveldt opposed romanticizing traditional Indian society, arguing that hierarchy has always dominated it and dismissing the notion that multiculturalism is an intrinsic feature of Indian society as a myth.

9. Question: Briefly explain the social hierarchy factor as a contributing element to ethnic movements as suggested by Olzak.
Answer: Olzak suggests that the construction of hierarchies among ethnic communities, which often leads to the suppression of one group by another, is a key factor that can instigate social and ethnic movements.

10. Question: Identify one consequence of the unequal economic development factor within the context of ethnic movements in India.
Answer: One consequence of unequal economic development is the marginalization and underdevelopment of certain groups, leading to feelings of alienation and sometimes initiating ethnic movements as these groups strive for equality and recognition.

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KEYWORD: -Incompatible Expectations, Incompatible Expectations, Incompatible Expectations, Incompatible Expectations, Incompatible Expectations, Incompatible Expectations, Incompatible Expectations,  MA CUET SOCIOLOGY


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